DRAFT FOR PEER REVIEW AND COMMENT
What about women as cyclists at Velo-city 2017?
Benoit Beroud, Mobility Designed for All consultant at Mobiped, attended, the World Cycling Congress, which occurred in Nijmegen (Netherlands) last June. He shares his notes and comments with World Streets after reflection some inspiring thoughts about women and cycling in their day-to-day lives.
“First impression was given by pictures of the website, program (see above), and flyers of the conference: set of various women cycling. And it is not a misleading advertisement.”
Gender cycling modal splits
Women ratio among cyclists is a key indicator of how cycling friendly is a city. In Netherlands, 55% cyclists are women. But women represent less than 45 % in population with non-western background. In the United Kingdom, 20 % of cyclists are women. In USA, 4,8% of men are cyclists but only 2,5% of women are cyclists. In Sao Paulo Brazil, women are only 14 %. In France, 2,4 % of men use bicycles as a daily mean of transport for commuting. They are only 1,5 % women who commute by bike.
African women could save energy and time
Cooperation Africa is a Dutch NGO promoting cycling in Africa in rural environment with programs as Bike4school, Bike4care, Bike4work. Luuk Eickmans showed key figures that really could change life of people leaving in rural environment. UNICEF 2016 estimated to 200 million the number of hours dedicated by women and girls collecting waters. A bicycle can carry 5 times the load than a pedestrian and go 4 times faster. To know more: https://ecf.com/sites/ecf.com/files/LuukEickmans_ABikeMakesTheDifference_0.pdf
Cycling: More than a luxury for a woman with no walking options
Isabelle Clement has been in a wheel chair for her entire life. And only once she was 36, she discovered that cycling was first an option, and second much more than a simple option. A revolution for her that lead her to create the NGO Wheels For Well Being. To know more: http://wheelsforwellbeing.org.uk.
Newcomers training program in Netherlands
In the Netherlands, “Tour de Force” is a great national training program in the 32 biggest cities toward newcomers, but also children and women (http://www.tourdeforce.nl). This presentation was made by Angela Van Der Kloof. She is a senior consultant and cycling expert for Mobycon, an international consultancy based in the Netherlands and Canada, for more than 20 years. She set up a Bicycle School for women in the early 1990’s at the Centre for Immigrant Women.
Internationally, she has worked with women’s groups in Europe and Latin America to set up cycling schools. She is currently pursuing her PhD in the field of Gender, Cycling and Education at the faculty of Political Science at Radboud University (Nijmegen, Netherlands). To know more: https://ecf.com/sites/ecf.com/files/AngelaVanDerKloof_BicycleLessonsForNewcomersInNL.pdf
Turkish fighting women cyclists
« I didn’t want to stay at home » shared one of the member of a Turkish women cyclist NGO. Several of them meet, start to train by themselves, engaged Facebook talks and edited a guideline for women. Each member become then a sister hood for newcomers. Two Turkish women gave a presentation:
• Seçil Öznur Yakan. She gave expression to her urge for promoting cycling and women’s rights by actively participating in forums and organisations like Bisikletli Ulaşım Platformu (Cyclists’ Transport Platform) and Bisikletli Kadın İnisiyatifi (Women on Bicycles Initiative), helping organise their various happenings and actions promoting cyclists’ rights to appropriate legislation, respect and infrastructure. To know more: https://ecf.com/system/files/SecilOznurYakan_WomenOnBicycleInitiative.pdf
• Pinar Pinzuti. She organised the “Fancy Women Bike Ride”, a “women’s activity organized by women for women” that took women cyclists to the streets in 28 cities in Turkey on World Car Free Day in late September. To know more: https://ecf.com/system/files/PinarPinzuti_FancyWomenBikeRide-Turkey.pdf
A western cyclist woman in a Muslim culture
Shannon Galpin travelled in various countries with a Muslim culture. And she contributed to show to males that a woman can ride a bicycle, as well inspiring for girls. She quotes Susan B Anthony (1820 – 1906), an historical women’s rights activist: « The bicycle has done more to emancipate women than anything else in the world. It gives women a feeling of freedom and self-reliance. I stand and rejoice every time I see a woman ride by on a wheel … the picture of free and untrammeled womanhood ».
Women in high management positions in cycling promotion in France
In France, there are many women who oversee cycling promotion:
• Elisabeth Borne, Minister of Transportation
• Sylvie Banoun , the inter-ministry delegate to promotion of cycling
• Véronique Michaud manages the daily cycling friendly local governments network: « Club des Villes et Territoires Cyclables » for daily trips in more urban/suburban environment
• Camille Thomé leads the tourism cycling friendly regional governments network: « Départements et Régions cyclables de France »
• Geneviève Laferrère is former director of the French daily cyclists NGO, before becoming the contact of France Nature and Environment.
• Marie-Xavière Wauquiez leads the club of women working in the mobility field.
When I followed the BYPAD training in Graz in 2012, the ice-breaker exercise was to talk about our first cyclist memories. I was 5 riding « as fast as I can » for my first conscious memory. But my mum had a bicycle with an orange rear seat. In fact, my first cyclist experience was a passenger close to my mum, but it remains in my unconscious memories.
On my way to Velo-city, I stopped at the Hague for a pre-visit cycling tour guide. During the night, I met some French au pair women. One of them, 20 years old was not a cyclist in France and became such a daily cyclist, ridding more than 10 kilometers a day with a children in the front and one on the back … with a nasty bicycle.
When a couple get a first baby which requires to carry many stuffs around, the car is often the best solution. In a mobility management process, the city of Basel (Switzerland) has a cargo-bikes program to keep new parents as cyclists. In Netherlands, it was incredible how less-than-a-year babies were carried by bike.
Velo-city sessions dedicated to cycling gender.
One dedicated session focused on « Cycling and Gender stories of empowerment » animated by Angela Van Der Kloof with interventions from Turkish women quoted above and Lake Sagaris, an internationally recognized Chilean expert on cycle-inclusive urban planning, civil society development, and participatory planning theory and practice. Her presentation: https://ecf.com/system/files/LakeSagaris
And from the ECF Scientists for Cycling Network . . .
Three papers focused on cycling and gender .
• « Cycling in the metropolis: the challenges of commuting-oriented cycling for women in São Paulo », Leticia Lemos (University of São Paulo), Marina Kohler Harkot (freelance researcher), Priscila Costa (School of Sociology and Politics Foundation of São Paulo)
• « On closing the gender and ethnicity gap in cycling », Angela van der Kloof (Mobycon), Fariya Sharmeen (Radboud University), Karel Martens (Technion -Israel Institute of Technology)
• « Gender Gap in Bicycle Commuting across 22 cities: Associations with Bike Score », Meghan Winters (Simon Fraser University), Daniel Fuller (Memorial University)
Scientists for Cycling – The Scientists for Cycling network, launched at the Velo–city Global 2010 conference in Copenhagen, arises from the recognition that there is a large number of experts worldwide in many different academic disciplines who are able and ready to contribute to ECF’s mission: to improve and to increase. More: https://ecf.com/community/scientists-cycling
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About the author:
Benoit BEROUD, is founder of Mobiped (http://www.mobiped.com), a Mobility Designed for All Consultancy, France. Swiss knife entrepreneur, mobility management consultant, active mobility expert, information designer, service innovator, defender of universal conception approach and contributor of a coworking focused on social and environment economy. He created Mobiped to enable human being to move by their own, in a joyful mood and in a sustainable way as much as they can. He has worked for 80 clients from 16 countries and is certified auditor of mobility policy (cycling, accessibility, SUMP). Can be reached via linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/benoit-beroud-b6090316/ .
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About the editor:
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Bio: Educated as a development economist, Francis Eric Knight-Britton is an American political scientist, teacher and sustainability activist who has worked on missions and advisory assignments on all continents. Professor of Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy at the Institut Supérieur de Gestion (Paris), he is MD of EcoPlan Association, an independent non-profit advisory network providing strategic counsel for government and business on policy and decision issues involving complex systems, social-technical change, civil society and sustainable development. Founding editor of World Streets: The Politics of Transport in Cities | See Britton online at https://goo.gl/9CJXTh, @ericbritton. @worldstreets and firstname.lastname@example.org