France 2018 Greenpeace Sustainable City Mobility Panorama
You might find this useful. From the original full online French original text at http://bit.ly/2w3lzFV . Google Translate version: http://bit.ly/2w3lzFV We used Google Translate to in the hope of making it more readily accessible to our faithful readers It may require a bit of net gymnastics to get full value, but here you have it. We’ll try to see if we can run down and share with you similar panoramas from Greenpeace for other countries. The Editor
“Air pollution is the third leading cause of death in France. To encourage mayors to act in the face of this emergency, we evaluated the action of 12 major French cities on the reduction of car traffic, one of the major causes of air pollution that poisons us. This 2018 panorama of sustainable mobility brings together Greenpeace’s analyzes, with the support of the Climate Action Network, and the points of view and testimonies of around twenty local bicycle promotion associations and public transport users.”
How to use the interactive whiteboard below?
– – – > Click to http://bit.ly/2w3lzFV for interactive whiteboard
This interactive table allows you to discover the notes of each city in the 4 categories. In each category, cities are rated from 1 to 5 stars, with 1 star being the lowest and 5 stars being the highest. Greenpeace has designed this table based on information collected from local cycling associations and transit users.
- To understand the rating assigned to each city in each category, click the box corresponding to the rating.
- To access a more detailed explanation of this note, click on the “Read Association Testimonials” button.
- For each category, you can sort the cities by clicking on the pictogram that interests you (car, bus, bike, hands).
- To access the city pages, click on the name of the city you are interested in!
- For more details on the methodology with which this table was made, go below on this page, under the heading “Methodology”.
With the support of the Climate Action Network, we evaluated the positioning of these cities and agglomerations on the gradual exit of diesel and then petrol vehicles, which fuel climate change and air pollution.
We also gathered the views and analyzes of some 20 local associations on the action and dynamics promoted by their elected representatives (city and / or metropolis) in terms of sustainable mobility: associations for the promotion or defense of public transport users (members of the National Federation of Transport User Associations) and bicycle promotion associations (mostly members of the French Federation of Bicycle Users).
Three key issues, which are for Greenpeace the markers of a fair and committed transition to alternatives to the individual car, were assessed: (a) strengthening the public transport offer, (b) setting up an express bike network,(c) incentives to change behavior towards a reduction in the use of the individual car.
Some cities / towns – notably Paris and Grenoble – have already stated their ambitions for restrictions on polluting vehicles and must confirm them while continuing efforts to develop alternatives.
Other cities / agglomerations seem to have good cards in hand to assume an exit of polluting vehicles: for example in Strasbourg, where the perception of the dynamics at work in the development of alternatives to the individual car appears positive, as well as in Nantes.
Many of them, finally, have to move up a gear in terms of restrictions on polluting vehicles and the development of alternatives. This is the case of Toulouse, Bordeaux, Lyon, and Lille, which have committed themselves to setting up a permanent restricted circulation zone but which have not been put into action; but also Marseille, Nice, Rennes and Montpellier who are not even at the stage of engagement.
Our analysis is not fixed and the positions are intended to evolve depending on the action taken at the scale of cities and / or cities. An update will be useful in the run-up to the next municipal elections in 2020 to assess whether major French cities and towns have taken up their responsibilities and advanced in the fight against air pollution related to road traffic.
This work is complementary to the background analysis work coordinated by the Climate Action Network (see, in particular, the publication on “Respire Cities” of tomorrow and the roadmap proposed to the State and local authorities on transport issues / pollution ) and the important survey work carried out by the FUBin 2017 to gather the feeling of users on the cyclability of their cities.
The first column of the table has been completed , with the support of the Climate Action Network , based on the information available on the establishment of permanent restricted areas at city and / or metropolitan level, as well as than on the establishment of very low emission areas.
The other columns were filled with the contributions of local associations who shared their perception of the dynamics and political action underway in their cities and towns.
To the local associations for the defense of public transport users, we asked for their perception of the commitment of their city / metropolis to reinforce the existing public transport offer and port of new project (s). structuring (s) for the city and its periphery. By reinforcing the public transport offer, we can think of the challenges of improving intermodality, the frequency and regularity of public transport, and the introduction of solidarity-based pricing, which will allow all access to public transport, or development of transport in own site. We can also think about the development and implementation of new projects (new lines, etc.) and the issue of coordination with the periphery and opening up of the most disadvantaged neighborhoods. We asked each association to choose a “generic” positioning, but also to provide a “personalized” explanatory testimony. Each association has emphasized, in its testimony, issues that are particularly relevant to the reality of their territory.
To local cycling associations, we asked for their perception of the action of their city / metropolis in terms of setting up an express bicycle network. By bike express network, we think of a network of continuous cycle paths, secure, friendly / welcoming, readable, with associated bicycle services, to mesh the territory of the city and thought in good intelligence with its periphery. We asked each association to choose a “generic” positioning, but also to provide a “personalized” explanatory testimony. Each association shared its analysis of the dynamics at work on the scale of the city and the metropolis.
To both types of local associations, we asked their perception of the action of their city / metropolis in terms of incentives to change mobility behaviors. By incentives to change behavior, one can think of the experiments put in place to make it possible to show and test a city less congested by cars (for example a car-free neighborhood initiative), to set up aids and services to support citizens in individual change (eg assistance with the purchase of an electric bike), the development of a parking policy promoting active and / or shared mobility solutions, etc. . We asked each association to choose a “generic” positioning, but also to provide a “personalized” explanatory testimony. Each association has emphasized, in its testimony, issues that are particularly relevant to the reality of their territory.
To learn more about all the elements of methodology that made this work possible, find here the panorama in pdf format .
. Original – French: https://www.greenpeace.fr/panorama-mobilite-durable-2018/
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About Greenpeace, Climate and Energy
Greenpeace — https://www.greenpeace.org/international/ — was one of the first parties to formulate a sustainable development scenario for climate change mitigation, which it did in 1993. According to sociologists Marc Mormont and Christine Dasnoy, Greenpeace played a significant role in raising public awareness of global warming in the 1990’s.
Currently Greenpeace considers global warming to be the greatest environmental problem facing the Earth. Greenpeace calls for global greenhouse gas emissions to peak in 2015 and to decrease as close to zero as possible by 2050. To reach these numbers, Greenpeace has called for the industrialized countries to cut their emissions at least 40% by 2020 (from 1990 levels) and to give substantial funding for developing countries to build a sustainable energy capacity, to adapt to the inevitable consequences of global warming, and to stop deforestation by 2020.
Together with EREC, Greenpeace has formulated a global energy scenario, “Energy [R]evolution”, where 80% of the world’s total energy is produced with renewables, and the emissions of the energy sector are decreased by over 80% of the 1990 levels by 2050. [Extracted and edited from WP entry of this date.]
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Thank you, Greenpeace. This is an interesting methodology and useful perspective piece, which we intend to borrow from richly, adapt and work with most immediately in our on-going collaborative international climate action project – Car Free Days 3.0 (reboot) — which you can find abundantly introduced at http://bit.ly/2MFyu80 .
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Bio: Educated as a development economist, Francis Eric Knight-Britton is an American political scientist, teacher and sustainability activist who has worked on missions and advisory assignments on all continents. Professor of Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy at the Institut Supérieur de Gestion (Paris), he is MD of EcoPlan Association, an independent non-profit advisory network providing strategic counsel for government and business on policy and decision issues involving complex systems, social-technical change, civil society and sustainable development. Founding editor of World Streets: The Politics of Transport in Cities | See Britton online at https://goo.gl/9CJXTh, @ericbritton. @worldstreets and email@example.com