We understand that in the transport sector this is not a well-known nor much appreciated concept, at least in the positive sense we are trying to develop here. So we are making every effort to share broadly, to invite questions and to clarify. In this spirit I was discussing this program the other day with a bright young woman from the Emirates who is on an MBA program here, who smiled at me indulgently as I asked her views and said: ‘Don’t you understand Eric, life is not fair”. That gives us, I would say, a good point of departure.
Note to the reader: This is an advanced draft section of a shortly forthcoming book to be published under the working title BETTER CHOICES: Bringing Sustainable Transportation to Smaller Asian Cities. For latest background on the project click to the Project Workbook – https://goo.gl/aUoSK4 . To access draft chapters, https://worldstreets.wordpress.com/tag/better-choices/. You also may wish to check out the work in progress for a Planners Bookshelf which is freely available at https://goo.gl/fv3Giv.
Password protected. Because the draft documents at this stage are intended only for internal review and the critical comments and suggestions of our expert international colleagues, they are password protected. If you would like to share your critical comments and require access, drop a line to the author firstname.lastname@example.org
Transport in cities? Why we are making such an awful job of it
The first step in this process is to see if we can create a common understanding of our topic and the strategy that goes with it – bearing in mind the fact that in most cities in the world, probably all of them to be perfectly frank and accurate, our transportation arrangements are neither efficient nor economic nor equitable, indeed far from it. There are winners and losers from the present mobility arrangements, worse here, perhaps a bit better there. But overall far more losers than winners.
The Old Mobility Conundrum
- Are we even capable of figuring out if we actually have a problem?
2. And if so why are we not solving it?
3. New Mobility? What is that?
The invisible paradigm
In all places, better and worse, there is a basic dominant pattern. Let’s call it if not a paradigm at least an inevitable result of the dominant paradigm now firmly in place. A way of seeing and making choices that is so deeply engraved as part of the received wisdom, that it is all but invisible. But the results are there for all to see.
Thus as a result of this invisible but dominant paradigm (a) women in virtually every city in the world are by and large less well served than men. (b) Non-drivers less well than drivers. (c) The elderly and frail less than the active and healthy. (d) Children less well than adults,. (e) The poor far less well than the rich. (f) The unemployed less well than those with jobs. (g) Those of us who cannot really (that “really” is an important word that we shall also be looking into) afford to own and operate cars as opposed to those who can. And (h) if you care to think about it a bit, you can surely complete this list as well as I.
In a word, in most cities on this gasping planet for the great majority of all people the present transportation arrangements are inequitable. The dominant (a) all-car (b) no-choice transportation arrangements of the 20th century are not doing the job for the transportation majority. They are grotesquely unfair; they are also highly inefficient, socially and environmentally destructive and unaffordably uneconomic.
Turning it around
So what if we were to turn the situation around and take as a starting point for public policy and investments not so much the dominant twentieth century values of speed (ever faster), distance (ever farther) and indifference (ever more) but 21st-century values of equity, frugality (this is not a negative word), social justice and deep democracy? And that of course is what this project is all about.
One of the fundamental pillars behind this program is a belief that, properly engaged, the move to equity-based transportation can lead to greater efficiency and economy both for specific groups and individuals, and also for the city and its region as a whole. That it is to say that it is going to be a step up, not a step down!
If we redraw the system to make it better for women of all ages and life condition, it will be better for men as well. Better for the frail and elderly, then better for the rest as well. Better and safer for children, then better and safer for all. Better for the poor, then well, believe it or not, better for the rich as well.
At the end of the day, once you understand and accept the basic principle of equity a huge number of other good things follow: quality of life for all, resource and energy efficiency, financial integrity, new targets for entrepreneurship, technology and innovation, local environmental and planetary climate impacts, social peace and solidarity. The present we want for ourselves, our families and neighbors. The future that we want for our children and grandchildren and future generations.
And you have only to look in one place to see if you have it — and that is on the streets of your city. If the mayor, all public servants, and the top economic 20% of your community travel by the same means as the other 80%, you have an equitable system. If not, not! It’s that simple.
With that behind us, we now know where to start.
PS. Once we have established the basic principles, the real work begins. The creation of a competitive, affordable, non-solo-car transportation system – remember, we are taking about an (a) better-than-car, (b) multi-layer, (c) high-efficiency, (d) high-choice, (e) transformative mobility system — is possible, but it requires effort, brains and fire in your belly to get there. But the final result — equity – efficiency — economy — excellence — will well be worth all that hard work it it is going to take to get there. So, off we go.
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About the author:
9, rue Gabillot, 69003 Lyon France
Bio: Educated as an international development economist, Eric Britton is an American political scientist, teacher and sustainability activist who has worked on missions and advisory assignments on all continents. Professor of Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy at the Institut Supérieur de Gestion (Paris), he is also MD of EcoPlan Association, an independent advisory network providing strategic counsel for government and business on policy and decision issues involving complex systems, social-technical change, civil society and sustainable development. Founding editor of World Streets: The Politics of Transport in Cities | See Britton online at https://goo.gl/9CJXTh and @ericbritton