First they ignore you, then they laugh at you, then they fight you, then you win.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
On the occasion of the one hundredth anniversary of International Women’s Day:
Today, 8 March 2011 is International Women’s Day, the one hundredth anniversary of
this great and necessary idea. So what better occasion for World Streets to announce publicly, loudly and yet once again our firm belief that the most important single thing that our society, our nations and our cities could do to increase the fairness and the effectiveness of our transportation arrangements would be to make it a matter of the law that all decisions determining how taxpayer money is invested in the sector should be decided by councils that respect full gender parity. We invite you to join us in this challenge and make it one of the major themes of sustainable transport policy worldwide in the year immediately ahead.
I don’t know if you have noticed but we are losing the wars of climate, environment, social justice, sustainable and fair cities, first class transport for all, safety, health, inclusiveness, quality of life for all, resource blackmail, neighborliness, public disillusionment with politics and politicians . . . and the long list of worsening performance indicators goes on and on.
Ask me then, if there were one thing that could ge done to break the losing spiral, what would that be?
Fine, thank you for asking. Well, my recommendation would be to convert, with no more lost time, 100% of our planning and decision fora shaping the sector into councils with full gender parity. No gender parity, no decision can be taken.
And than with one stroke, we have just broken a centuries old pattern and moved into a new era and surely a very different and better future.
Why? Simple . . . because women hold the key to the future of not only sustainable transportation but also to a sustainable and just world. We have ignored them for all too long and are, if you noticed, suffering adly for it.
See related World Streets postings: https://worldstreets.wordpress.com/tag/gender-initiative/
A World Streets perspective:
Women have been absolutely critical to the focus of World Streets, and behind it the work of the New Mobility Agenda since the latter’s founding in 1988 — and, it is fair to say, this has been the case to a far greater extent than with most of the groups and programs working in our area. Why is that and why do we not find more people and organizations getting behind this simple and powerful idea? It seems so simple. And so unarguable.
From the beginning we have had two very specific policy targets as far as the involvement of women in this sector, both of which eminently ethical and no less practical and political. If you click through the articles which are grouped under the heading https://worldstreets.wordpress.com/category/users/women/you will find that on average each month we publish one or two on the subject of women in transport as part of our continuing, long-term, and, we can say, passionate commitment to this great cause.
The first of our arguments in support of a greatly increased role of women in sharing the sector is “Women as our metric for sustainable lives”.
The second sets out our best arguments for “The leadership role of women in transport”.
Let’s open that window and have a look.
1. Women as our best metric for sustainable transport and sustainable lives
One does not have to be a genius after spending a few years working with and looking at transportation projects, programs, processes, accomplishments, shortcomings, and hypocrisies in many parts of the world, to figure out that the limitations of the policies behind all this jumble have been a direct function of (1) the kinds of people who are making the decisions that shape them, and (2) the kinds of people and interests for whom those decisions are targeted. One and the same, it turns out — and by way of executive summary let us say that it boils down to: (a) policy decisions and investments made primarily by males and (b) for people (mainly males) who either have or desire to have access to their own cars. No great mystery to that, eh?
The result, as we all know so well, has been a transportation system which pays more attention to vehicles and their requirements then to the full range of people and their very different kinds of requirements.
So once we figured that one out, we began to call out in publications, international fora and our direct advisory work for radical revisions in the entire planning and policy process/paradigm, making the point that it is now time to take it back to the drawing board and put at the core a very different metric than the old one (that is all those men and all their cars), namely women of all ages and stations in our society.
Look, it could not be more simple. Women make an excellent metric for all our public spaces. If we design our mobility systems to offer quality service to women in all their varieties and situations, we are going to get an entirely different kind of transportation system. And a better one. If we take into account the full range of their life cycle economic situations, travel constraints, the daily obligations at different periods of their lives, and even their, temperament and values characters, we are going to come up with a set of planning criteria and transportation arrangements that will not only serve them better, but will serve society as a whole a lot better.
With this in mind, from the first day on World Streets, under the posting entitled “Sustainable Transportation Anyone?: It is high time for Plan A”, we put the basic design criteria for women right at the top of our list of fundamental building blocks for the new strategy.(You can see all that athttp://newmobilityagenda.blogspot.com/2009/03/its-high-time-for-plan-the-new-mobility.html) Here is how it reads:
Strategy 5. Design for women:
Our painfully deficient Old Mobility system was designed by, and ultimately for, a certain type of person (think about it!). And so too should the new mobility system: but this time around it should be designed to accommodate specifically women, of all ages and conditions. Do that and we will serve everybody far better. And for that to happen we need to have a major leadership shift toward women and, as part of that, to move toward full gender parity in all bodies involved in the decision process. It’s that simple.
So, if we can now start to put woman as the fundamental metric for sustainable transportation, we are going to get a different and better system.
But that is only the first half of our commitment and campaign.
2. The leadership role of women: (Hold onto your hats. Think Norway)
Our transportation arrangements do not only have to be planned with women in mind (“thank you very much”), but by them — and, while they are at it, for us all. (And I hope this sounds very simple.)
What about just a bit of parity?
Surface ripple parity, while a start, is unlikely to be sufficient.
It has been commented that it can happen that women who do get into key roles very rapidly begin behaving like or reflecting the still dominant behavior patterns and values of men. Examples would be very dangerous … but try to think of women in such powerful positions who HAVE acted differently to the males in previous or similar positions of influence and power.
It’s just that the worldviews and values of our sector at the top are in general, very male! And this is precisely what we need to change to realize our very different future.
Broaden the skills base of the deciders
The forced, high-priority network expansion that full gender parity requires can open up another priority need that also requires significant rectification. Specifically it can help us to increase greatly the range of backgrounds and skills we bring into the various decision fora. This therefore gives us a golden opportunity to rectify some of the debilitating historical inadequacies in the sector that have led to its underperformance in so many areas.
Of course, as we look to bring in more women we need of course to bring in more expertise in the entrenched professional skills such as transport planning, traffic management, engineering, financial planning, technical modeling and the usual array of “hard skills” which have the front stage in the sector. But that is not enough.
But to get the job done right we also need greatly enhanced competence in such areas as environment, climate, land use, public health, cities, rural areas, community relations, demographics, local government, social services , behavioral psychology, education, childcare, job creation, poverty reduction, communications and all those other key areas of our daily lives which thus far have not received the necessary attention in the transport discussions and decision-making process. And in these, we need both women and men to enhance our understanding of these mission-critical issues and to inform policy and practice in the sector.
Now, is it that I really believe that women are for some reason better, smarter or more noble than we Y chromosome-encumbered males? That’s not the point. Rather it is my experience that women often have a different view of the world in many respects. It is this differentness that we need to bring in and profit from.
However to give this full scope we need to go beyond the usual token representation. We need their strength. And we need their numbers. A scattered handful of females does not appear to suffice to force the change. Put enough women into a forum and they will keep us on our toes. I promise. (The key being the ”enough”.)
There is an analogy with our recent experience with the expanding role of cyclists in some of our cities. If there are none out there on the streets, few people even think about it. If there are a few, this makes no great difference. But once there is a strong quorum, strong presence, this starts to change everything. And not just for the cyclists. There is ample proof in this in city after city where this transformation has started to take place.
One important wrinkle on this is provided by a singing phrase of the Gender and Built Environment collaborative program at http://www.gendersite.org/ who advise us: “Don’t treat women equally”. Hmm. Something I think that is important for each of us to think through for ourselves.
However it works out, I would hope we do not need yet another law to make this happen. But we will need a high profile public commitment by leaders and a growing culture which accepts that there is simply no other way of going about this. (And if that doesn’t work, well there is always the law. No reason to be excessively timid about this.)
On August 26th 1920, almost 89 years to the day, the Nineteenth Amendment of the United States Constitution formally passed into the law, guaranteeing the right of women’s’ suffrage. A long journey that get its symbolic start when Abigail Adams in 1776 asked her husband, one of the framers of the Constitution and one of our first president to “remember the ladies”. To which he responded that men will fight the “despotism of the petticoat”.
It then took something like 134 years for this oversight to be rectified. We don’t have, and we don’t need, that much time to do what we should be doing in our bit of daily life. We can start to get our end of the job done in this hundredth anniversary of International Women’s Day. But only if we do it together.
Eric Britton, Editor
PS. Dear Reader. There is an, I would say, excellent chance that you think this is perhaps a good enough idea in theory but that out there in the real world, the realpolitik world this is not going to happen. But it can, should and at least in a few places will. This or something very close to it. Then others will look to it, and will decide to have a go themselves. And thus do great ideas propagate. Starting with you. Sooner or later that wall too will come down. And afterwards, it will all seem so natural and easy. Of course!
* See related World Streets postings: https://worldstreets.wordpress.com/tag/gender-initiative/
Graduate seminar Master Class on sustainable transport in prestigious Beijing Jiantung University
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About the editor:
9, rue Gabillot, 69003 Lyon France
Bio: Educated as a development economist, Eric Britton is an American political scientist, teacher and international sustainability activist who has lived and worked in Paris since 1969. Professor of Sustainable Development, Economy and Democracy at the Institut Supérieur de Gestion (Paris), he is also MD of EcoPlan Association, an independent advisory network providing strategic counsel for government and business on policy and decision issues involving complex systems, social-technical change and sustainable development. Founding editor of World Streets: The Politics of Transport - https://worldstreets.wordpress.com . | Britton online: https://goo.gl/9CJXTh