Two decades after the end of the Second World War, a totally unexpected pattern was surreptitiously taking over cities across Europe, as each day more cars were being put on the road — and in the process began to unceasingly take over and threaten public space and quality of life in city after city. There it was plain for all to see, and yet few cities were prepared to take on the challenge. The metastasis was so grindingly persistent and so day by day that it simply seemed to be an inevitable part of the less desirable edge of Europe’s new and hard-won prosperity. And after all, who can be against progress? Certainly not most politicians.